How To Conduct Market Analysis?

How To Conduct Market Analysis Featured Image

In today’s business world, market analysis is a necessity. It allows business leaders to understand the technical realities and potential of their target market. A market analysis provides them the scope of business growth as well as an understanding of the consumers. 

It becomes easier for companies to dive into new markets or diversify their existing strategies with relevant market knowledge. An in-depth assessment of the business landscape can shape better decisions that result in better business opportunities and outcomes.

What is a market analysis?

A market analysis is the qualitative and quantitative inspection of a market. A comprehensive market analysis explores different market aspects, including size, competition, customer buying behavior, and economic conditions. 

Modern-day businesses use the data to analyze the unique opportunities and drawbacks of the target market. With a high-level perspective of the business environment, companies have the chance to optimize their strategies and achieve better gains.

A detailed market research analysis provides insights into the following questions:

  • How big is the target market?
  • What are the different characteristics of the target market?
  • Who are the target customers within the market?
  • What are the characteristic behaviors of the target customer?
  • Who are the competitors (Direct & Indirect) in the market?
  • What are the economic barriers to this market?
  • Are there any distinct cultural and legal regulations to take into account?

Businesses use these vital insights to craft their business plan. Understanding the market puts them in a better position to develop a product or service that appeals to the target audience. A viable product or service can help companies tap into new markets more effectively.

Market analysis and market research are often used parallelly. However, market analysis envelops market research as part of the process. In market research, one only studies the specific market and its components. On the other hand, a market analysis covers the entire sector or industry.

Why Should Companies Conduct a Market Analysis?

A market analysis essentially allows companies to take more accurate and feasible strategic decisions that help the company grow. The market analysis serves as the backbone of the business development plan. It equips the company to prepare for every possible circumstance that may impact operations.

A market study can profoundly impact business strategies like product development, marketing, distribution, pricing, risk management, branding, etc. It also allows companies to anticipate and reduce investment risks associated with business expansion.

Let’s take a look at why market analysis matters:

Provides an understanding of the customer

Conducting a market analysis allows a business to understand its target audience. When the company knows their customers, they are better equipped to design customer-centric products and strategies. 

  • Who is going to buy the product?
  • What are the needs of the customer?
  • How much is the customer willing to pay for the product?
  • Why would they choose this product over the competitors?

Understand and analyze the competitors

The market is saturated with cutthroat competition. To grasp a market share, companies need to do things better than their competitors. Therefore, a thorough insight into the psyche of the competitors is necessary to boost growth and ROI.

Market analysis for business enables it to identify the key players in the market. It assists them in examining the strengths and weaknesses of the competitors. Moreover, it helps them understand the shortcomings of the competitor products. 

Identify emerging trends and gaps in the market

Businesses must stay on top of all emerging trends to keep a competitive edge. Market analysis can help organizations spot industry trends and take advantage of them to position themselves as leaders.

Furthermore, it also highlights existing gaps in the market. Businesses can tap into new opportunities when empowered with such critical information. They can eliminate loopholes, make accurate forecasts, and build sustainable strategies.

Reduces business risks

Being aware of the market environment can significantly reduce business risk. Companies can navigate the market more effectively when they know market trends, economic conditions, competition, and consumers.

When companies are well aware of the market, they can predict what will be successful and what will be a failure. As a result, they can make well-informed business decisions. They can protect their assets and reduce financial risk.

Targeted marketing approach

When companies know their customers well, they can take the guesswork out of their marketing strategies. They can craft a more targeted approach to reach their target audience and improve the return on investment.

Running an annual market analysis can help organizations optimize their strategies and save money. They can evaluate the performance of their marketing programs and cut the losses wherever necessary.

How to Conduct a Market Analysis?

A market analysis should always be detailed. The requirements would differ depending on the company’s size, industry, market size, and other factors. However, it does take a lot of research to compile a market analysis report.

Here is a step by step guide on how to conduct a comprehensive market analysis report for a company:

  • Establish the objectives of the market analysis

Before carrying out an analysis, it’s essential to lay out the purpose and objectives of the market analysis report. Different companies survey the market for various purposes.

For some organizations, it is about reducing business risks when entering a new market. While for others, it’s about improving their user experience through a thorough analysis of consumer behavior.

With an end goal in mind, it becomes easier to plan the research process. The outcome of the analysis must serve the company’s internal and external purpose. 

  • Analyze the current state of the industry and market

An industry analysis of the key metrics will give companies an understanding of the industry’s current state. They can analyze metrics such as market size, trends, and financial forecasts to evaluate the conditions impacting the industry.

Studying the industry landscape helps enterprises to comprehend the larger environment in which they operate and compete. Moreover, it helps them envision future demand and supply within the industry. 

Similarly, enterprises need to be aware of the current realities of the target market. They need to know if the market is growing or contracting, how intense the competition is, and the emerging trends. 

With relevant industry and market data, companies can carry out comparative market analysis. Such an analysis will help the company identify the factors that can help them gain a competitive advantage. For the comprehensive market analysis, it’s advisable to hire a freelancer with the knowledge and skills to handle the task.

  • Define the target audience within the market

There are different consumer segments within a market. To capture the most profitable market opportunities, organizations must identify their potential customers within the target market.

Companies use four types of market segmentation methodologies to identify their target audience:

  • Behavioral- This type of segmentation is based on the behavioral patterns of the consumer. It includes parameters such as customer loyalty, engagement level, repeat purchase, interactions with the company, etc. 
  • Psychographic– It’s segmentation based on lifestyle, personal preferences, opinions, and values.
  • Demographic– Such segmentation is based on age, gender, income, education level, occupation, and family status.
  • Geographic- This type of segmentation is based on geographic location and includes population density, climate, country, and region.

For a successful marketing campaign, businesses must understand what their customers want and need to resolve their daily problems. Narrowing the target audience into smaller buyer personas can help identify who is most likely to purchase from the company.

Buyer personas allow companies to address the needs of the customers with a more targeted messaging. In addition, it helps them identify and distinguish which products or services are better suited to which customer segment.

  • Identify and analyze the competitors

To truly achieve success in the market, businesses need to analyze their competition rigorously. Conducting a SWOT analysis can help companies identify the strengths and weaknesses of their competitors.

A comprehensive competitor analysis can be beneficial for businesses. This is because it allows organizations to recognize the gaps in the market which the competitors have not addressed. It’s an opportunity for them to transform the products and services they offer. 

Companies can categorize their competitors into two segments:

  • Direct competitors- Companies who offer the same or similar products are considered direct competitors. Direct competitors would be competing with each other for the same pool of target audience.
  • Indirect competitors- Companies that offer alternative products or services are considered indirect competitors. The categories of products are different, but they provide similar benefits or purposes.

The best way to collect insights into competitors is to interview and survey prospective customers. They can provide valuable consumer insights. Companies can find out what products the customers are currently purchasing or what alternatives they would choose to solve their problems.

Companies must closely study their direct and indirect competitors to optimize their product development strategy. Competitor analysis also enables businesses to decide the best price for their offerings. 

  • Identify market regulations

Different countries have different market regulations. Entering a new market would require businesses to comply with government regulations. With the help of market analysis, companies can identify restrictions and rules of the target market.

Compliance with regulations can be costly. So, being aware of these rules and legalities can help companies plan their finances, reduce risks, and avoid penalties.

  • Gather additional market data

To ensure that the market analysis is unbiased and pertinent, companies must gather additional data and information. There are both government and private entities that provide essential market data and statistics. 

It’s essential to verify the accuracy of the statistics before considering them in the market analysis. Some reliable sources that companies can use for data collection are:

  • The Census Bureau
  • Bureau of Labour Statistics
  • The Department of Commerce
  • Trade Journals
  • Analyze the aggregate data

Once all the data has been compiled, it’s time to interpret the data into actionable items. The findings of the analysis can improve how the business operates. It will allow companies to recognize loopholes, blind spots, and critical errors in their strategies.

The aggregate data must be categorized into different segments so that it’s easier to decode. Given below is a list of essential elements that should be in the market analysis report:

  • A summary of the industry size and its growth rate.
  • The company’s projected market share.
  • The buying behavior of customers.
  • Emerging market and consumer trends.
  • The company’s financial forecast.
  • Pricing strategy
  • Cash flow projections.

With this crucial knowledge and strategic planning, companies can optimize their processes, enhance efficiency, and improve productivity. A market analysis can help the company craft a better business development plan. 

How can the findings of the market analysis be used to benefit the company?

  • Identify the most valuable and least valuable markets

By conducting a market opportunity analysis, an organization can find new markets that offer valuable opportunities. Equipped with vital knowledge, they can determine which markets are worth pursuing.

  • Assess the viability of a product

Analyzing the market can enable companies to assess if their products are feasible. Gathering feedback from prospective customers can help determine whether the product will be successful or not.

  • Develop buyer personas

Buyer personas are a critical component of marketing strategies. With an in-depth understanding of the target audience, organizations can create more accurate buyer personas and optimize their marketing approach.

  • Evaluate the gaps in the market

Rather than employing an all-in approach, companies can evaluate the gaps in the market and tap into them. They can create new opportunities by filling up these gaps with new products and services.

  • Improve the overall business strategy

The findings of the market analysis can help enterprises to improve their business strategy. They have the necessary information to build more effective business growth strategies and earn better profits.


Companies of all scales can utilize market analysis reports to scale their operations and grow their business. It can facilitate better decision-making and accurate future projections. Thus, organizations can be well-prepared for future outcomes.

To conduct an in-depth market analysis, you need the expertise of a marketing specialist. It would be best if you considered hiring an excellent freelance Marketing Consultant from 24Task to assist you in your research. Build a better future with our professional marketing experts.